Artefatos de Tutankamun – Science Museum of Minnesota

King Tut

No Egito houve furto de peças mas estas em exposição fazem parte de um lote destinado para exibições no estrangeiro via National Geographic.

King Tut’s Reign

Canopic Stopper
Canopic Stopper: An image of King Tut fashioned out of calcite. These ornate carvings served as stoppers for the canopic coffinettes that held Tuthankamun’s organs.

Tut was born during the Amarna Age around 1343 BCE and became king around 1333 BCE when he was only nine or ten years old. He reigned for only about nine years before his premature and unexpected death.

Akhenaten, Tut’s father, introduced the worship of one god, Aten, and forbid the worship of all other gods in this age. He closed down temples and overturned traditional religious practices. Tutankhamun was originally named Tutankhaten, in honor of this new religion. When he became pharaoh after his father’s death, however, he restored the traditional gods and changed his name to Tutankhamun, after the god Amun.

While King Tut is the most well known pharaoh today, he was considered a minor king in the broad scope of Egyptian history. His name was omitted from the lists of rulers kept by the ancient Egyptians because of his association with Akhenaten. His unexpected death cut his reign short, and he had no children to succeed him.

King Tut’s Death

Even after more than three thousand years, scientists and historians are still writing King Tut’s story. Numerous theories have been proposed about what led to the young king’s death, and changing technology has informed the various interpretations throughout the years.

Howard Carter, who discovered Tut’s tomb, performed the first analysis of Tut’s mummy by hand on November 11, 1925. The process took four days, and Carter’s team uncovered and recorded several artifacts hidden within the wrappings of Tut’s mummy. As analysis technology developed, x-rays were performed in 1968, revealing damage to the base of Tut’s skull, which raised speculation about his death. The most recent and thorough analysis of his mummy was performed in 2005 using CT scans and DNA studies, which have disproved the theory that Tut was murdered by a blow to the head. A current theory suggests that a compound fracture to Tut’s left thigh may have led to infection resulting in death.

Enter the Golden World of the Pharaohs

NOW OPEN

Shabti
Shabti: A shabti, or funerary figure, depicting Tutankhamun in royal headdress. Shabtis were buried with pharaohs in order to work for them in the afterlife.

Experience the riches of royal life in Egypt more than 3,000 years ago in Tutankhamun: The Golden King and the Great Pharaohs.

Discover more than 100 authentic artifacts illuminating the lives of great rulers buried in the Valley of the Kings, including the most famous of them all—King Tut. See the golden sandals that adorned the feet of his mummy and the canopic jar that held his internal organs. Learn about Tut’s ancestors who defined the 18th Dynasty and the pharaohs’ function in Egyptian society and religion. Explore the fascinating story behind Howard Carter’s discovery of King Tut’s tomb in 1922 and the newest scientific discoveries that provide insight into the Boy King’s unexpected death. The exhibition runs through September 5, 2011.

And delve deeper into the mysteries and science of mummification in the Omnitheater film Mummies: Secrets of the Pharaohs. Learn about a discovery of 40 royal mummies in a single tomb made four decades before Tut was found, and what modern scientists are hoping to gain from the study of ancient DNA.

Discovering King Tut’s Tomb

fan
Fan: A gilded wooden fan found in Tutankhamun’s burial chamber. The fan was a symbol of kingship and depicts Tut’s rule over Upper and Lower Egypt.

On November 26, 1922, British archaeologist Howard Carter peered into a tomb in the Valley of the Kings—a tomb that had been sealed for more than 3,000 years. Eager to know what lay inside, his financial sponsor, Lord Carnarvon, asked whether he could see anything. Carter replied, “Yes, wonderful things.”

The “wonderful things” were the priceless treasures of King Tutankhamun’s long lost tomb. Carter made the discovery on November 4, 1922, after six seasons of searching. A young Egyptian boy hired to bring drinking water to Carter’s workers aided in the find. As the boy was digging a hole to hold one of the water jars, he uncovered the top of a carved stone step. The step was dug out, revealing stairs, which led down to the tomb.

In the late New Kingdom period of ancient Egyptian history, royal tombs were frequently robbed. When Carter explored King Tut’s tomb, he found evidence that robbers had entered at least twice. Soon after Tutankhamun’s burial his tomb was broken into. During the second robbery Necropolis police caught the thieves, and the tomb was resealed. Despite these invasions, King Tut’s tomb proved to be the most intact ancient Egyptian tomb ever found, cementing his reputation in historical records and in people’s imaginations.

visite:Science Museum of Minnesota

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