Uma das melhores coleções de artes gráficas do mundo

Albertina é mais que um museu que “ajunta coleções” e vive de passado. Começando do seu prédio histórico, um palácio dos Habsburgos em Vienna – Áustria, do conjunto dos palácios imperiais, foi constituído sobre fundações de obras Romanas. Foram encontradas 130 tumbas do séc 2 antes de cristo. Albertina é uma ponte através do tempo para os olhos que quiserem ver.

The History of the Albertina


One of the world’s finest art collections has been housed since 1805 in the Albertina, a grand Viennese palace in the Neoclassical style. The palace takes its name from the collection’s founder, Duke Albert of Saxe-Teschen (1738-1822), a son-in-law of Austrian Empress Maria Theresa (1717-80). It was built in 1744 for Count Emanuel Teles Silva-Tarouca (1696-1771).

Jakob Alt, Das Palais Erzherzog Alberts mit der Augustinerbastei, 1816, Feder in Schwarz, aquarelliert © Albertina, Wien

Jakob Alt

The Palace of Duke Albert Alongside the Augustiner Bastion, 1816

 

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In 1794, Duke Albert received the palace as a gift from Emperor Franz II (1768-1835), and in 1802 he contracted Belgian architect Louis de Montoyer (1747-1811) to add a wing of staterooms. In 1822, Duke Albert’s adopted son, Archduke Carl (1771-1847), employed Joseph Kornhäusel (1772-1860), a Viennese architect, to refurbish the apartments in Empire style.

 

Archduke Carl’s eldest son, Archduke Albrecht (1817-95), inherited the property in 1847. Towering 11 metres above street level, the palace gained a commanding position in the wake of the demolition in 1861 of this stretch of the old city walls. Over the course of the 1860s, Archduke Albrecht had the exterior remodelled in a historicist style. At the end of the decade, the Albrecht (or Danubius) Fountain was erected at the base of the bastion. The palace passed in 1895 to Archduke Albrecht’s nephew, Archduke Friedrich (1856-1936). Improvements carried out under his ownership included the installation of electricity and a hot-air heating system.

Albertina © Albertina, Vienna (Photo: Alexander Ch. Wulz)

Albertina

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In 1919, the newly established Republic of Austria expropriated the Habsburg palace and the art collection it contained, now renamed the Albertina Graphic Art Collection. Severe bomb damage in 1945 destroyed many of the staterooms, the palace facades and the access ramp leading to the bastion.

The palace underwent complete renovation in 2000-2003. The facades were returned to their original appearance, the historical state apartments were fully restored, and the Danubius Fountain was reactivated. Four state-of-the-art exhibition rooms were created. Architect Hans Hollein canopied the entrance to the museum with a spectacular 64-metre titanium wing-shaped roof. Installed in 2004, the daring structure has become the hallmark of the new Albertina.

The Habsburg Staterooms


The 21 Habsburg Staterooms are spread out over two floors of the Albertina palace.

The magnificent Hall of the Muses forms the centrepiece, flanked on either side by stately apartments.

 

The palace’s original Louis XI décor had been ordered from the royal court ateliers in Paris and Versailles for Duke Albert of Saxe-Teschen’s Brussels residence, Laeken Castle.

Small Spanish Apartment © Albertina, Vienna / Furniture: On permanent loan from the MAK-Austrian Museum of Applied Arts / Contemporary Art (Photo: elwoods.at)

Small Spanish Apartment

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In 1822, Archduke Carl had the interiors redone in Empire style, commissioning the Viennese furniture manufacturer Joseph Danhauser (1780-1829) to refurbish the entire palace with fine furniture and elaborately inlaid parquet floors. Of the décor from the second half of the 19th century when the palace belonged to Archduke Albrecht, only the Rococo Room survives. The Spanish Apartments were created under Albrecht’s nephew and heir, Archduke Friedrich. This was the only permanent residence of the Spanish royal family outside Spanish territory. When the palace was expropriated by the new Austrian state in 1919, Friedrich was permitted to take all its furnishings with him into exile in Hungary. The now empty apartments were converted into a study hall, a library, exhibition rooms, depots and office space.

In 2000, work began on the comprehensive restoration of the staterooms. The return of the original furniture was secured through successive acquisitions as well as loans from the Austrian Museum of Applied Arts / Contemporary Art (MAK) and the Federal Furniture Depot’s Imperial Furniture Collection. International specialists took part in the restoration work, which was largely concluded by 2007. After decades of neglect, today the lavish period interiors transport the visitor back in time, evoking the age of Neoclassicism and the private and ceremonial lives of the Habsburgs who lived in the palace.

 

 

The Hall of the Muses

The Study and the “Gold Cabinet”
The “Tee” Salon and the “Billard” Room
The Reception Room and the Audience Hall
The Rococo Room
Wedgwood Cabinet
The Spanish Apartments

The Oval Cabinet and Death Chamber of Archduke Carl

THE GRAPHIC ARTS COLLECTION OF THE ALBERTINA

 

The Albertina safeguards one of the most important and extensive graphic art collections in the world. It comprises around 50,000 drawings and watercolours, as well as some 900,000 graphic art works, ranging from the Late Gothic era to the present.

The arc of exquisite works stretches from Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo Buonarroti and Raphael Santi through Albrecht Dürer, Peter Paul Rubens and Rembrandt Harmensz van Rijn to Claude Lorrain, Honoré Fragonard and Paul Cézanne. In the modern section, the holdings range across Egon Schiele, Gustav Klimt and Oskar Kokoschka via Pablo Picasso and Jackson Pollock to Robert Rauschenberg, Andy Warhol, Alex Katz, and finally to Franz Gertsch, Georg Baselitz and Anselm Kiefer.

 

 

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HISTORY OF THE
GRAPHIC ARTS COLLECTION

Duke Albert of Saxe-Teschen (1738-1822) founded the Graphic Art Collection between 1770 und 1822. Deliberately conceived on an encyclopaedic scale and with an educational orientation, it was fully in accordance with the enlightened precepts of its era.

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THE HOLDINGS OF THE
GRAPHIC ART COLLECTION

In accordance with its historical development, the Graphic Arts Collection is essentially sorted by regional contexts, or so-called “schools”. Within these, classification is arranged chronologically. Represented in especial abundance are works from the German and Austrian cultural realm.

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The Albertina’s Picture Database

The Picture Database of the Albertina Museum presents the main works

of the Graphic Arts, Photographic and Architectural Collections.

The historic archives of the Poster Collection are to be found online in their entirety. This database allow for a quick orientation about the museum’s extensive holdings.


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PUBLICATIONS
OF THE GRAPHIC ART COLLECTION

The research work at the Albertina is concentrated, above all, on the scholarly study and presentation of its own holdings. The results of this research are made available to the public in the form of exhibition catalogues, Catalogues of Holdings and the Albertina Publications.

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MASTERWORKS OF MODERN ART

THE BATLINER COLLECTION

Permanent Collection at the Albertina

The Albertina’s permanent collection will go on an international tour starting in October 2010: selected masterpieces will be shown in the National Gallery in Prague and the National Museum of Contemporary Art in Seoul. The collection will return to the Albertina in March 2011:

 

Modern Times
The Collection of Modern Art

Opening: 22 March 2011

Hirst – Baselitz – Richter – Kiefer
The Collection of Contemporary Art

Opening: 30 June 2011

 

In spring 2007, one of Europe’s greatest private collections of classical modern art came to the Albertina as a permanent loan from the Rita und Herbert Batliner Foundation in Liechtenstein.

The Albertina is now in a unique position to compensate for the major gaps in the Austrian state-run museums’ holdings of international modern art with key works of French Impressionism, Post-Impressionism, German Expressionism, Fauvism and the Russian avant-garde.

The Batliner Collection has received acclaim from museums and connoisseurs for decades. It includes outstanding works by Claude Monet, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Paul Cézanne, Amedeo Modigliani, Henri Matisse, Pablo Picasso, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Alberto Giacometti and Francis Bacon. These masterpieces can be seen in a new permanent exhibition at the Albertina.

 

The Batliner Collection is augmented by works from the Forberg Collection in Switzerland, which was also transferred to the Albertina on permanent loan.

 

The Collectors Herbert and Rita Batliner

Herbert and Rita Batliner began collecting art nearly half a century ago. Due to their close friendship with the legendary art dealer Ernst Beyeler, French Impressionist and Post-Impressionist painting formed a cornerstone of the collection from the very beginning, along with the work of

Edgar Degas, Two dancers, around 1905, Pastel on card © Albertina, Vienna - Batliner Collection

Edgar Degas
Two dancers, around 1905

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Alberto Giacometti. Exceptional works by Monet such as The Water-Lily Pond, Edgar Degas’ Two Dancers, or Cézanne’s Arc-Tal and Mont Sainte-Victoire landscapes attest to the couple’s passion for French art.
Picasso became an additional focal point. Today he is represented in the collection with over 40 works, including ten paintings and numerous drawings and one-of-a-kind ceramics.
In the course of his travels, Herbert Batliner gained familiarity with Russian avant-garde art. He and his wife were inspired by the works they saw in Amsterdam’s Stedelijk Museum, the Guggenheim Museum in New York, the Museum Ludwig in Cologne, and the Russian Museum in St. Petersburg, to build their own fine collection of Russian avant-garde art from 1905-35.
The focus of their acquisitions was on Marc Chagall, but they also sought out works by Natalia Goncharova, Liubov Popova und Mikhail Larionow. The collection includes a major work by Kazimir Malevich, painted as a defiant memory image immediately following the artist’s release from a Stalinist prison.

The Collectors’ Legacy

As the collection has grown from decade to decade, so has its recognition within the art world. Herbert and Rita Batliner regularly lent to museums; rare was the Picasso, Monet, Modigliani or Giacometti exhibition that did not include works on loan from the Batliner Collection.

Several years ago the Batliners decided to respect the integrity of the collection by transferring the entire collection to a museum as a bequest. Convinced that extraordinary art collections are no less distinctive, and as such worth preserving, than great works of art, the Batliners decided to make their collection accessible to the general public in their lifetime. The couple derived enormous pleasure and intellectual stimulation from the daily contact they had with their paintings, pastels, gouaches and sculptures, and now they wanted to share this experience with others.

The Batliner Collection and the Albertina

To safeguard the unity of their distinguished collection in perpetuity, the Batliners set up the Herbert and Rita Batliner Art Foundation, which transferred the artworks to the Albertina as a permanent loan.

Together with works from the Swiss collection of Eva and Mathias Forberg, which is also on permanent loan to the Albertina, around 100 works from the Batliner Collection are on display at the Albertina in a permanent new exhibition that traces the development from Impressionism to modern art.

 

Since May 2009, the Albertina has been presenting a permanent exhibition from its own holdings. This has become possible through the transfer of the Batliner Collection to the Albertina in 2007. Outstanding works by Paul Klee from the Carl Djerassi Collection and major works from the collection of Eva and Mathias Forberg complete the new presentation, which is additionally rounded off by exhibits from other collections handed over to the Albertina.

The permanent exhibition spans the most fascinating chapters from more than 130 years of art history, from Impressionism to the most recent present. Paintings by Monet, Renoir, Cézanne, Matisse, Miró, Klee, Kandinsky, Chagall, and other masters offer a survey of French Impressionism and Post-Impressionism, the Fauves, Expressionism, and the Russian avant-garde. With late works by Picasso and exhibits by Rothko and Bacon, the exhibition leads over to the second half of the twentieth century, before it ends with works by contemporary artists such as Anselm Kiefer and Gerhard Richter.

 

www.vienna-podcast.at

 

Picture Gallery

 

Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Portrait of a young girl (Elisabeth Maître), 1879, Pastel on paper. Albertina, Vienna - Batliner Collection. Photo: © Fotostudio Heinz Preute, Vaduz
Pierre-Auguste Renoir
Portrait of a young girl (Elisabeth Maître), 1879
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Karel Appel, Face in a Landscape, 1961. Oil on canvas © Karel Appel Foundation, Amsterdam / Albertina, Vienna - Batliner Collection
Karel Appel
Face in a Landscape, 1961
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Claude Monet, The water lily pond, around 1917-1919, Oil on canvas. Albertina, Vienna - Batliner Collection. Photo: © Fotostudio Heinz Preute, Vaduz
Claude Monet
The water lily pond, around 1917-1919
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Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Female Nude (Dodo), around 1909. Oil on canvas © Albertina, Vienna - Batliner Collection
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
Female Nude (Dodo), around 1909
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Paul Signac, Venice, The Pink Cloud, 1909. Oil on canvas © Albertina, Vienna - Batliner Collection
Paul Signac
Venice, The Pink Cloud, 1909
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Pablo Picasso, Naked woman with bird and flute player, 1967, Oil on canvas. Albertina, Vienna - Batliner Collection © Succession Picasso / VBK, Wien 2009. Photo: © Fotostudio Heinz Preute, Vaduz
Pablo Picasso
Naked woman with bird and flute player, 1967
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Pablo Picasso, Woman in a green hat, 1947, Oil on canvas. Albertina, Vienna - Batliner Collection © Succession Picasso / VBK, Vienna 2009. Photo: © Fotostudio Heinz Preute, Vaduz
Pablo Picasso
Woman in a green hat, 1947
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Kasimir Malewitsch, Man in a suprematist Landscape, c. 1930/31, Oil on canvas. Albertina, Vienna - Batliner Collection. Photo: © Fotostudio Heinz Preute, Vaduz
Kasimir Malewitsch
Man in a suprematist Landscape, c. 1930/31
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Pablo Picasso, Akt in einem Sessel sitzend, 1963, Oil on canvas © Succession Picasso / VBK, Vienna 2009 / Albertina, Vienna - Batliner Collection
Pablo Picasso
Akt in einem Sessel sitzend, 1963
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Francis Bacon, Seated Figure, 1960. Albertina, Vienna - Batliner Collection © The Estate of Francis Bacon  / VBK, Wien 2009 / VBK, Vienna 2009
Francis Bacon
Seated Figure, 1960
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Pablo Picasso, Still Life with Guitar, 1942, Oil on canvas. Albertina, Vienna - Batliner Collection © Succession Picasso / VBK, Wien 2009. Photo: © Fotostudio Heinz Preute, Vaduz
Pablo Picasso
Still Life with Guitar, 1942
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Sam Francis, Dream It Is, 1962-63. Acrylic on canvas © VBK, Wien 2009 / Albertina, Vienna- Batliner Collection
Sam Francis
Dream It Is, 1962-63
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Marc Chagall, The Kite, 1926, Gouache on paper. Albertina, Vienna - Batliner Collection © VBK, Wien 2009. Photo: © Fotostudio Heinz Preute, Vaduz
Marc Chagall
The Kite, 1926
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Mark Rothko, Saffron, 1957, Oil on canvas. Albertina, Vienna - Batliner Collection © VBK, Wien 2009. Photo: © Fotostudio Heinz Preute, Vaduz
Mark Rothko
Saffron, 1957
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Edvard Munch, Winter Landscape, 1915. Oil on canvas. Albertina, Vienna - Batliner Collection © Edvard Munch_ The Munch Museum / The Munch Ellingsen Group / VBK, Wien 2009. Photo: © Fotostudio Heinz Preute, Vaduz
Edvard Munch
Winter Landscape, 1915
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René Magritte, The Enchanted Spot, 1953. Oil on canvas. Albertina, Vienna - Batliner Collection. © VBK, Wien 2009. Photo: © Fotostudio Heinz Preute, Vaduz
René Magritte
The Enchanted Spot, 1953
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Kees van Dongen, Woman with Blue Eyes, 1908, Oil on canvas Albertina, Vienna - Batliner Collection © VBK, Wien 2009. Photo: © Fotostudio Heinz Preute, Vaduz
Kees van Dongen
Woman with Blue Eyes, 1908
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Alexej von Jawlensky, Young Girl in a Flowered Hat, 1910, Oil on cardboard © Albertina, Vienna - Batliner Collection © VBK, Wien 2009. Photo: © Fotostudio Heinz Preute, Vaduz
Alexej von Jawlensky
Young Girl in a Flowered Hat, 1910
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http://www.albertina.at

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