História Pré colombiana neste imponente museu peruano…
The National Museum of Archaeology, Anthropology and History of Peru is the only museum in the country that presents, in its permanent display, the complete chronological expository sequence, including the first dwellers to our republican times, in addition having thematic samples of prehispanic technology.
Throughout the exhibition spaces, it is surprising to be able to find unique pieces such as the Raimondi Stela and the Tello Obelisk, besides the representative samples of ceramics, textiles, lithics, metals, human remains and objects of colonial and republican art.
|An especially historical space is the Liberators’ Quinta (Villa), that makes up part of the circuit and consists of a large 18th century house in which the Liberator Simón Bolivar and the generalissimo Don Jose on San Martín lived.
At the present time, the museum is renovating its exhibition halls. In 2003 and 2004 the Tawantinsuyu Room and the Formative Room were inaugurated. The new Republic Room will be inaugurated by the end of the 2004.
The renovation of rooms and the installation of interactive museographic elements, as well as the new temporary exhibition spaces, are effective links to involve the visiting public with the historical cultural patrimony of Peru.
Also, various activities, such as conferences, lectures, courses, workshops, theater, films, etc., make the National Museum of Archaeology, Anthropology and History of Peru a place for cultural encounter and a living institution that tries to work together with the interests of its public and use new technological trends to make the museum a meeting place for entertainment and pleasure.
|HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM
Contact with the West not only gave rise to a conflictive, unequal relationship between two worlds but also offered the possibility of recognizing other forms of behavior of people as different as the Americans.
|This is reflected in the chroniclers’ descriptions of their travels and reports on the life of our peoples, especially the writings of the first Spanish chroniclers like Pedro Cieza de León, Juan de Betanzos, Miguel de Estete, Pedro Sancho and Cristóbal de Mena and the “indigenous” chroniclers such as Garcilaso de la Vega, Felipe Guaman Poma de Ayala, Joan Santa Cruz Pachacuti and Titu Cusi Yupanqui.
Later, a few dedicated themselves to setting up exhibition rooms and collections of exotic and remarkable objects, plants, animals and minerals as well as objects of the “ancient inhabitants”. The principal systematic collectors were the bishop Baltasar Martínez de Compañón, the judge Pedro Bravo de Lagunas and the family Ortiz de Zevallos.
Around the XIX century, foreign travelers like Leonce Angrand, Mauricio Rugendas, George Squier and Charles Wiener, traveled over the country drawing and recording data on the “Indians of the times”.